Reggae Music Great Gregory Issacs Passes Away

Perhaps best known for the hit ‘Night Nurse’ Gregory Isaacs is a pivotal figure in the development of reggae

In his teens, Isaacs became a veteran of the talent contests that regularly took place in Jamaica. In 1968, he made his recording debut with a duet with Winston Sinclair, “Another Heartache”, recorded for producer Byron Lee. The single sold poorly and Isaacs went on to team up with two other vocalists (Penroe and Bramwell) in the short-lived trio The Concords, recording for Rupie Edwards and Prince Buster. The trio split up in 1970 and Isaacs launched his solo career, initially self-producing recordings and also recording further for Edwards. In 1973 he teamed up with another young singer, Errol Dunkley to start the African Museum record label and shop, and soon had a massive hit with “My Only Lover”, credited as the first lovers rock record ever made. He recorded for other producers to finance further African Museum recordings, having a string of hits in the three years that followed, ranging from ballads to roots reggae, including “All I Have Is Love”, “Lonely Soldier”, “Black a Kill Black”, “Extra Classic”, and his cover version of Dobby Dobson’s “Loving Pauper”. In 1974 he began working with producer Alvin Ranglin, and that year he had his first Jamaican number one single with “Love Is Overdue”. Isaacs recorded for many of Jamaica’s top producers during the 1970s, including Winston “Niney” Holness, Gussie Clarke (“My Time”), Lloyd Campbell (“Slavemaster”), Glen Brown (“One One Cocoa Fill Basket”), Harry Mudie, Roy Cousins, Sidney Crooks, and Lee “Scratch” Perry (“Mr. Cop”). By the late 1970s, Isaacs was one of the biggest reggae performers in the world, regularly touring the US and the UK, and only challenged by Dennis Brown and Bob Marley. Between 1977 and 1978, Isaacs again teamed up with Alvin Ranglin, recording a string of hits including “Border” and “Number One” for Ranglin’s GG’s label.

International stardom seemed assured in 1978 when Isaacs signed to the Virgin Records offshoot Front Line Records, and appeared in the film Rockers, in which he performed “Slavemaster”. The Cool Ruler and Soon Forward albums, however, failed to sell as well as expected, although they are now considered among his best work. In 1981, he made his first appearance at the Reggae Sunsplash festival (returning annually until 1991), and he moved on to the Charisma Records offshoot Pre, who released his The Lonely Lover and More Gregory albums along with a string of increasingly successful singles including “Tune In”, “Permanent Lover”, “Wailing Rudy”, and “Tribute to Waddy”. He signed to Island Records and released the record that finally saw him break through to a wider audience, “Night Nurse”, the title track from his first album for the label (Night Nurse (1982)). Although “Night Nurse” was not a chart hit in either the UK or US, it was hugely popular in clubs and received heavy radio play, and the album reached #32 in the UK. This success for Isaacs coincided with drug problems which saw him serve a six-month prison sentence in Kingston in 1982 for possession of unlicensed firearms. Isaacs claimed that he had the weapons only for protection, but it emerged that this was his 27th arrest and that Isaacs had become involved in drug dealing and had become addicted to crack cocaine. He celebrated his release from prison with his second album for Island, Out Deh! (1983).

When his contract with Island ended, Isaacs returned in 1984 with the “Kool Ruler Come Again” single, and began a period of prolific recording, working with producers including Prince Jammy, Red Man, Bobby Digital, Tad Dawkins, and Steely & Clevie, maintaining a consistent standard despite the volume of work produced. Isaacs then built a strong relationship with Gussie Clarke of the Music Works label. They began with Isaacs’ 1985 album Private Beach Party, and had a massive hit with “Rumours” in 1988, which was followed by further popular singles including “Mind Yu Dis”, “Rough Neck”, “Too Good To Be True”, and “Report to Me”. The association with Clarke continued into the early 1990s, teaming up with singers including Freddie McGregor, Ninjaman, and JC Lodge. He duetted with Beres Hammond on the 1993 Philip “Fatis” Burrell-produced “One Good Turn”, Burrell also producing Isaacs’ 1994 album Midnight Confidential.

In the 1990s the African Museum label continued to release all of Isaacs’ music, and that of artists he produced. In 1997 Simply Red covered “Night Nurse” and had a hit with it. Isaacs continues to record and perform live in the 2000s. In 2005 Lady Saw produced another version of “Night Nurse” with her toasting over the original lyrics.

Isaacs’ drug addiction had a major impact on his voice, with most of his teeth falling out as a result. Isaccs said of his addiction in 2007: “Drugs are a debasing weapon. It was the greatest college ever, but the most expensive school fee ever paid – the Cocaine High School. I learnt everything, and now I’ve put it on the side.”

He also performed at the ICC Cricket World Cup 2007 Inauguration at Jamaica.

In 2007 he collaborated with the Spanish rap group Flowklorikos album Donde Duele Inspira.

In 2008, after some 40 years as a recording artist, Isaacs released a new studio album Brand New Me. The album received positive reviews from critics, such as this review from Reggae Vibes: “Gregory is back, and how! ‘Brand New Me’ is a very suitable album title for the cool ruler’s new album. He is back in a different style, more or less like we were used to from this great ‘lovers & roots’ artist”

His nicknames include “Cool Ruler” and “Lonely Lover”.

Diagnosed with liver cancer earlier this year, the illness then spread across his body, reports the BBC. Entering hospital, Gregory Isaacs sadly passed away at his home in London this morning (October 26th).

Perhaps best known for the hit ‘Night Nurse’ Gregory Isaacs is a pivotal figure in the development of reggae.

Amongst those paying tribute to the singer is Dancehall heroine Lady Chann, who wrote on her Twitter: “RIP to a great Reggae legend who passed over today. Greggory Issac… Salute to u. Xx xx”

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